freshwater abstraction, economic development, water scarcity, Europe, sustainability


Water scarcity is a growing concern across the globe due to climate change and demands for increased economic development. This paper analyses the relationship between economic development and freshwater abstraction in order to investigate its European impact. The analysis focuses on a total of 19 European countries, including 18 EU member states and one candidate, from 2007 to 2018. Using a panel dataset, the impact of a diverse selection of indicators of economic development (per capita GDP, the Human Development Index - HDI, water productivity and volume of international trade) on freshwater abstraction, our analysis finds that all explanatory variables are significant for cross-country variations except for international trade. To maintain scope, the analysis is limited to economicdevelopment indicators themselves, excluding the effects of climate change and the availability of water resources.


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How to Cite

Zdravković, A., Bodroža, D., Kolavčić, M., Jovičić, E., Pavlović, D., & Sekulić, D. (2024). THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT EFFECTS ON FRESHWATER ABSTRACTION FROM THE EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE. Economics of Agriculture, 71(1), 155–172.



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